Hypertension, or more commonly known as high blood pressure, happens when the blood pressure in your body increases to unhealthy levels. Blood pressure measurements factor in how much of your blood passes through blood vessels and the amount of resistance it is met with while the heart is pumping.


When arteries are narrow, resistance increases, narrower arteries mean higher blood pressure, and when narrow long term, they can cause heart disease.


Hypertension is common, with almost half of all American adults experiencing it. It usually develops over time without any obvious systems, causing damage to the blood vessels and organs such as the brain, heart, eyes, and kidneys.


There are two types of hypertension, each having its own set of causes. Primary hypertension (also called essential hypertension) is more common, and genetics, physical changes like aging, and environment (lifestyle choices and physical activity) are the primary causes of primary hypertension.


Secondary hypertension starts quicker and develops into a more severe case faster than primary hypertension. Kidney disease, obstructive sleep apnea, congenital heart defects, thyroid issues, medicinal side effects, issues with the adrenal gland, and even endocrine tumors can all cause secondary hypertension.


If you are worried about your risk for hypertension, contact your primary care services provider at NeighborMD.


Primary treatments include lifestyle changes, but your doctor from NeighborMD, MSO services, may prescribe medication if that is not enough. With secondary hypertension, focus on the medical condition that spurred high blood pressure is needed. Sometimes hypertension still occurs even after addressing the primary issue, but medication may be needed if that is the case.


It is important that you maintain a healthy lifestyle and attend yearly checkups to ensure you detect and treat any concern for high blood pressure early.