Generally speaking, dry skin is brought on by the lack of moisture in your skin. Dry skin is caused by a skin barrier that is impaired and has dysfunction or deficiency in the necessary in the top layer of your skin. The top layer of skin is composed of dead skin cells and naturally occurring oils, trapping in moisture and keeping your skin smooth. However, if your skin is lacking enough water or moisture, dry skin occurs.

Most of the time, dry skin is no cause for concern, as it is extremely common and can be easily fixed. However, sometimes dry skin is caused by more than just a lack of moisture and can indicate an underlying health issue.

Sometimes the products you use on your skin can cause skin irritation, making your skin especially dry. Fragranced products make dry skin worse since it is a leading cause of allergic contact dermatitis. Many soaps, detergents, and shampoos can zap moisture from your skin or scalp, remove necessary oil, and dry out the skin cells. Opting for a moisture-rich soap should help eliminate this concern.

Dry air can make your dry skin worse, whether inside or out. Forced air, like indoor heating, can decrease humidity levels, making skin dry and even itchy. Humidifiers can help this issue in the winter months, but be sure to stay moisturized throughout the year.

If you are experiencing excessive dry skin, contact your primary care services.

Skin conditions like psoriasis and eczema can drastically increase your chances of dry skin, but conditions like diabetes and malnutrition can also do that. To know if it should be a cause of concern, look for inflamed areas, intense itching, rough patches, and hyperpigmentation. However, if you ever have concerns about the cause of your dry skin, always consult your doctor before deciding for yourself.

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